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A fabric is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking network of yarns or threads, which are produced by spinning raw fibres (from either natural or synthetic sources) into long and twisted lengths. Fabrics are then formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, tatting, felting, bonding, or braiding these yarns together.
About this Fabric Home Decor Item
This is a set of Hand painted Wall Hanging made of fabric. Collected from the Manufacturer directly.
What is Fabric
Fabric is a generic term used for the material made from yarn, a continuous strand of textile fibers or filaments (natural and synthetic), used to make clothes, accessories and home furnishings. It is made by various methods like weaving, knitting, knotting, chemically using gluing, bonding, or melting together and mechanically tangling the fibers together (felting)
Process of Making Fabric
The fabric usually used in the clothes we wear is produced through two processes: the “spinning process,” where raw cotton is turned into thread, and the “weaving process,” where the thread is woven into fabric.
Fibers are the building block of a fabric and they are generated or produced by many means – man-made fibers /synthetic fibers and natural fibers are all made following many practices including sericulture for silk, cattle rearing for wool, various chemical processes etc.
Plant fibers like Cotton and jute are cultivated. Synthetic fibers like polyester and nylon are made by pouring molten polymer solution made by special chemical processes, through holes in a spinneret and the resultant filament is wound up to form those fibers. Fibers like Viscose, Bamboo, Modal and All Blends are all man made fibers produced following a set of specific processes.
The fibers are cleaned of dirt. In the case of wool, the raw loose fiber is first scoured, washed, dried and blended – this is a compulsory process that is necessarily done at this stage. In the case of other fibers, scouring may occur after the fabric is made as well. Fiber at this point is an entangled mass of fibers – they are passed through a carding machine so that the fibers are cleaned from all impurities and a continuous web/sliver of fiber is produced – the fibers are arranged in a parallel manner. This is a very important process in the production of staple fibers. The case of woolen fibers carding and condensing are done. In the case of worsted fibers in addition to this combing is also done. Combing is a process in which the short fibers are removed. A number of slivers of the fiber is then combined to form a wide fiber. The fibers are blended into a roving at this point – Roving is a long and narrow bundle of fiber. It is wound onto a roving bobbin. The roving is then spun (pulled, drawn and twisted) into yarn and this process is called spinning. A yarn is a continuous length of interlocked fibers. Combed or Carded Cotton; Polyester Cotton blends; Linen Cotton blends; Rayon (filament or spun); Viscose (filament or spun) are the different types of yarn produced so. Ring Spinning and rotor spinning are two important methods of yarn formation. In spinning the fibers are pulled or twisted into a continuous length It is at this stage that a twist is introduced into the yarn; this twisting is done to give strength to the yarn – S-twist ( direction of twist is to the left- clockwise) and Z twist (direction of twist is to the right- anticlockwise). The number of twists per inch can affect the quality of the yarn. More the number of twists, better the yarn.
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