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Dhokra craft is characterized by its primitive simplicity , charming folk motifs , rustic beauty and imaginative designs and patterns .It is non ferrous metal casting using lost wax casting Technique. This sort of metal casting has been used in India for over 4000 years and is still used .One of the earliest known lost wax artefacts is dancing girl Marenjo Daro. The product of dhokra artisans are in great demand in domestic and foreign markets because of primitive simplicity , enchanting folk motifs and forceful form .
About this Dhokra Home Decor Item
This is a set of two beautiful piece of Santal adibasi Hunter Family made of Dhokra. Collected from the Manufacturer directly
What is Dhokra
Dhokra is a metal casted art that uses the ancient lost-wax casting technique. This art is said to be the first of its kind to use a non-ferrous metal like copper and its alloys – brass (a mix of zinc and copper) or bronze (tin and copper) which do not contain iron. Going back to the Age of Metallurgy, the extracting of metal from minerals, about 4,000 years ago, it uses the process of annealing, where a metal is heated to very high temperatures and allowed to cool
slowly, while it takes the shape of an artifact
Dhokra Handicrafts is now available widely over various store for home décor purpose and online as Dhokra handcrafted products
Process of Making
Initially, a core model of clay is made out of riverbed clay or local soil mixed with coal dust and rice husk. A mixture of beehive melted wax, melted tar and resin from local trees like the Dammar gum tree (Damara Orientallis) is fashioned into discs, this wax mixture is then made into strings by hand. Nowadays, a metal and wooden press is used to make wax strings, although artisans say these break easily and hence prefer traditional methods. Originally, only beeswax was used for this process. Today, paraffin wax or candle wax is easily available. The clay model is decorated with these wax strings to make fine details and decorations by hand on the Dhokra piece. In the hollow-casting method, this model is covered in layers of soil, sand, and jute and then sundried. The solid-casting method uses a solid wax core instead of a clay core, thus making a clay or wax funnel with an opening on top. Through the top, scrap metal pieces of brass/bronze are inserted, which melt into the mould through a firing process, traditionally known as annealing. Furnaces are prepared by heating wood and coal pieces. After cooling, the cast is then carefully removed and demouled to obtain the metal casted Dhokra piece. Larger pieces of Dhokra require extensive use of metal and wax, and these are made by experienced craftsmen.
Symbolism of Dhokra
With its roots in ancient civilisations, Dhokra represents a primitive lifestyle and the beliefs of people, going back to the age of hunting. This is why figures of elephants, owls, horses and tortoises are commonly seen in Dhokra art. The elephant symbolises wisdom and masculinity; the horse motion; owl prosperity and death; and the tortoise femininity. In Hindu mythology, these iconic symbols also have stories behind them. The world is imagined to rest on four elephants, standing on the shell of a tortoise. The tortoise,
considered as an avatar of Lord Vishnu, carries the world on his back, holding up the earth and the sea.
Folk deities and Hindu gods and goddesses are widely prevalent themes in Dhokra art. Traditionally, along with the Hindu deities of Lakshmi, Dhokra artists also made caskets, ritual lamps and measuring bowls in different sizes
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